Psoriasis is a fairly common skin disorder. While there are numerous different types, this one is definitely the most common one. About 80% of people who have the disease have plaque psoriasis.
The skin of people with this disease becomes red and irritated. It is covered with silvery scales and is very inflamed. Patches of circular shaped red plaques that itch and burn are normal. They usually come about on the legs, arms, elbows, trunk, or scalp. It’s also a fact that it can also crop up on literally any part of the skin. The most common areas that are affected though are the knees and elbows.
Literally anyone can get psoriasis, but by far it starts for most people between ages of 15 and 35. It looks terrible, and because of that, most people are scared to death of it. The simple truth though is that it is not contagious in any way at all. You cannot spread it to others or catch it from them. It can be hereditary though. It is passed down through families with about one in three people who have the disease also know a family member who suffers from it too.
Doctors believe that psoriasis probably occurs when healthy cells get mistaken for dangerous substances by your own immune system. It literally starts attacking your own body. On a normal basis, skin cells grow deep in the skin and then come up to the surface once a month. People with psoriasis see that process increase by about 5 times because the immune system creates that many more cells. Dead skin cells build up on top of each other causing bumps and the sliver like scales on the skin’s surface. Flare ups can happen at any time. It’s frustrating because there is no known cure.
Causes and Triggers
While nobody can say for sure, most doctors and scientists have found that the following may trigger an attack of psoriasis or make it more difficult to treat:
Bacteria and/or viral infections. This includes strep and upper respiratory infections.
- Overly Dry Air or Skin
- Cuts, burns, and a Whole Host of Insect Bites
- Medicines Including Anti-Malaria Drugs, Beta-blockers, and Lithium
- Too Much Sunlight
- Too Much Alcohol
It is often more severe in people who have very weak immune systems. This usually includes people who have AIDS, Autoimmune Disorders, Cancer, etc. About 10% of people who have psoriasis also have arthritis. It is known as psoriatic arthritis.
Plaque Psoriasis Tests, Symptoms, and Treatment
Psoriasis can appear out of nowhere. For many people they just wake up with what looks like a rash and it progresses very quickly from there. Others get it on much slower basis over many weeks or months. It will often flare up and then go away only to come back again months later. Nobody knows why that happens but it does. The symptoms of this type of psoriasis are:
- Irritated, Red, and Flaky Patches of Skin
- Appears on the Elbows, Knees, and Trunk Most Often
- Red patches occur anyplace on the body
Skin is often:
- Dry and covered with flaky silver scales
- Pinkish Red Color (Salmon like)
- Raised, bumpy, and thick
Symptoms may also include:
- Genital lesions in males
- Varying Joint Pains and Aches (like arthritis)
- Changes in Nails. This includes yellow and brown nails, increased thickness,
Dents in the nails, and Nails that easily lift away from the skin
- Scalp Itching and Dandruff
Most doctors can diagnose psoriasis by simply looking at your skin. Occasionally they will order a skin biopsy in order to rule out other possibilities. X-rays may also be ordered if there is significant joint pain.
The goal of psoriasis treatment is to control symptoms as much as possible and prevent infection. Three basic treatment options for psoriasis are available:
- Topical – Skin lotions, ointments, creams, and shampoos, etc.
- Systemic – Pills or injections that affect the body’s immune response, not just the skin.
- Phototherapy – Uses ultraviolet light to treat psoriasis.
The first choice is almost always a topical medicine. Treating the skin or scalp directly is often the most effective remedy, however, any of the three main options may be utilized. For severe psoriasis most doctors implement immune suppressing drugs. Most of these include some type of steroid. Newer drugs that are called biologics are used when other treatments do not work.
There is currently no known way to prevent psoriasis. Clean and moist skin in addition to avoiding specific psoriasis triggers can help reduce the number of flare ups that psoriasis sufferers must endure. A daily bath or shower is definitely a must, however, one should not scrub too hard in order to avoid cracking open the skin.
Psoriasis continues to be a mystery to the majority of people despite the fact that it impacts a substantial portion of soceity and is the single most common autoimmune disease. Psoriasis induces patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales that become white colored. Those patches could itch or feel rather irritated to someone that has the disease. Even though it is commonly found on the knees, elbows, and in the scalp, it can definitely develop in literally any place on the human body including the fingernails, genitals, inside the mouth.
A high BMI (25 or higher) is associated with an increased incidence of psoriatic episodes, so this is yet another important reason to eat nutritiously, exercise, and keep a healthy and balanced body weight. No known foods have actually been shown to ease the symptoms of psoriasis, even so several folks have actually reported that increasing omega3 fatty acids worked well for them. Keeping a food journal to search for feasible links between certain foods and changes in the condition of your skin is a superb strategy. One product proven to irritate psoriasis though is alcohol. Patients should think about cutting it out entirely throughout a flare up.
Bacteria in the gut produces a greater level of toxins in individuals that are afflicted by psoriasis. Those toxins cause the skin cell production level to expand, therefore, the individual suffers as the psoriasis breaks out. A lack of fiber in one’s diet is a well known cause of toxins in the bowel. Bringing down toxins in the digestive tract has been shown to transpire with sarasaparilla. Probiotics, like acidolpholus, can be valuable in promoting good digestive tract health. Of course a high fiber and low sugar diet is helpful too.
A psoriasis flare up can have a number of different causes, nonetheless, high stress conditions are considered one of the main reasons. Whether or not the stress is physical, emotional, or mental, it would best be avoided as often as possible to keep psoriasis in check. Should you need help for managing stress, there’s no embarrassment in doing so. It’s a sensible move and can actually help prevent psoriasis breakouts.
Numerous therapeutic baths are an additional fantastic technique that psoriasis patients utilize to help handle their condition. To get rid of the itching and irritation, you could desire to add some oil or epsom salt to your bath water. Some individuals additionally utilize a product called colloidal oatmeal. It’s utilized as an infustion in the bath since it’s oatmeal ground up into a light powder. Taking a bath for too long in water enhanced with colloidal oat meal, however, might make skin exceedingly dry. Because oatmeal, oil, and any sort of combo of the two could make your tub slippery, be safe getting in and out of the bath and always make use of a non-slip bathmat.
Topical therapies are normally the very first course of action for a person with psoriasis. They are creams, lotions, and ointments that are applied directly on sores. Corticosteroids, or steroidal ointments or creams, are able to help restrain the immune system reaction, which decreases swelling and lowers skin cell growth. These are readily available in various strengths, depending on your symptoms. An artificial form of Vitamin D3 called calcipotriene may be used in an ointment. It is spread over the lesions. It has a tendency to slow skin cell growth, however it can easily also irritate the skin so it absolutely should not be used on the face or genitals. Vitamin A can be applied in synthetic form through a topical application. It works less quickly than the steroids however doesn’t cause side effects. Coal tar is likewise useful when applied as a shampoo for the scalp. It can additionally be included in a bath or applied as gel or ointment.